Understanding Diabetes

 

What Is Diabetes Mellitus?

A disease where the body does not manufacture enough of the hormone insulin or cannot use stored insulin efficiently.

 

diabetes symptoms
There Are Two Types Of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes:

Also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and juvenile diabetes. A chronic illness where by the pancreas manufactures too little or nil insulin.

Type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence and is generally attributed to genetics or viral infections, but can also develop in adults.

There is no cure and treatment plans include the management of blood sugar levels with insulin and lifestyle changes, including healthy eating patterns and exercise.

Talk to your doctor about insulin, medicine and other diabetes treatments.

(See Diabetic Emergency Treatment)

 

Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes May Include:

4 ts of diabetes

  • The 4 Ts – Toilet, Thirsty, Tired, Thinner
  • High levels of urination
  • Excessive thirst (polydipsia)
  • Fatigue – always feeling tired
  • Unexplained weight loss and loss of muscle tone

Other Symptoms May Include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Cramps
  • Skin infections
  • Slow healing wounds

Emergency Diabetes Signs And Symptoms

If any of these symptoms are present call an ambulance or see your doctor immediately

• Abdominal pains
• Nausea and vomiting
• A temperature
• A serious loss of appetite
• A fruity, chemical smell on the breath

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is when your blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high due to the pancreas not manufacturing enough insulin or the body not being able to utilize available insulin stores efficiently.

InsulinA natural hormone produced by the pancreas that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Without insulin cells cannot utilize glucose for energy

 

If untreated diabetes may lead to problems with:

• Gums
• Teeth
heart
eyes
kidneys
nerves

 

Signs And Symptoms May Include: (as in type 1)

• Excessive thirst (polydipsia)
• High levels of urination
• Feeling very hungry
• Feeling fatigued
• Unexplained weight loss and loss of muscle tone
• Slow healing wounds
• Blurred vision
• Numbness or tingling in the hands and/or feet

 

Type 2 Diabetes Management (Read More)

• Manage your blood glucose
• Manage blood pressure
• Manage cholesterol
• Quit smoking
• Lifestyle changes including healthy eating patterns and exercise.

Talk to your doctor about insulin, medicine and other diabetes treatments.

(See Diabetic Emergency Treatment)

 

Type 2 diabetes may be caused by several factors, including

• Being overweight or obese
• Physical inactivity
insulin resistance
• Have a family history of diabetes

Read More

 

To lower your risk of contracting diabetes The Diabetes Prevention Program run by the National Institute of Health suggests:

• Lose any excess weight – The higher the extra weight the higher the risk of diabetes.
• Become active – start with 30 to 40 minutes of light to moderate exercise 3-4 times per week, this will make you feel much better and help with weight loss.
• Start a healthy eating plan

 

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