Understanding Gestational Diabetes
Generally there are no symptoms. If symptoms are present they are usually very mild like being thirstier than normal or urinating more often.
How Can Gestational Diabetes Affect My Baby?
High blood glucose levels during pregnancy may cause many problems such as:
- Premature birth
- Increased birth weight causing problems in delivery
- May be born with (low blood sugar)
- May have respiratory problems
- Increased risk of miscarriage or stillborn baby
- Increased risk of your child becoming overweight and developing type 2 diabetes
What Are The Affects Of Gestational Diabetes On Me?
Gestational diabetes may increase your chances of:
- Developing which can be life threatening to you and your baby
- Needing a because your child may be large
- Developing type 2 diabetes later in life
Prolonged high blood glucose levels can lead to more serious health problems such as:
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Nerve problems
What causes gestational diabetes?
During pregnancy your body goes through many changes such as weight gain, and produces many special hormones. Because of this your body has difficulties utilizing insulin effectively which can lead to a health condition called .
If your body cannot make enough insulin to overcome the insulin resistance then gestational diabetes will develop.
Gestational Diabetes Treatment
Most women can manage their levels with increased activity levels and a healthy eating plan.
If physical activity and a healthy eating plan is not able to control your blood glucose levels then you may need .
Insulin is usually the first choice of medicine for diabetes and will have no detrimental effect on your baby.
What Are Good Blood Glucose Levels?
Ask your doctor what your specific levels should be.
Risk Factors For Developing Gestational Diabetes?
The risk of developing gestational diabetes increases if you:
- Are overweight
- Have previously had gestational diabetes
- Have type 2 diabetes in your immediate family
- Have , (your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes)
- Have , also known as PCOS (a hormonal disorder)
To lower your chances of getting gestational diabetes, before becoming pregnant lose any extra weight you may have and increase your physical activity – using these simple steps can help maintain good blood glucose levels.
Tips to .
After Your Baby is Born
- It is important to get tested for diabetes no later than 12 weeks after your baby is born to make sure you haven’t developed
- Adopt a healthy eating plan and increase your activity level
- Be sure to breast feed, it will help you burn calories and give your baby the right balance of nutrients.