Safe Kids – In The Garden

 

Safety In The Garden

  kids safety in the garden Children love to explore and one of the methods of exploration is to put things in their mouth, this can be particularly dangerous in the garden. When designing your garden it is important to have children in mind. We must remember that some of the most beautiful plants, flowers and foliage can be deadly if eaten. If you have moved into a house with an existing garden that contains suspect plants you should either remove them or fence off the garden until your children are old enough to understand not to put unknown plants in their mouth. (this is usually around three years old)

Remember:

Poisoning can be a life threatening condition. If anyone in your care is exposed – or may have been exposed to a poisonous plant:
  • Call your local Poisons Information Center for advice immediately.
  • Call an ambulance or drive to the nearest emergency room
  • If you need to go to hospital, take a piece of the plant with you so the poison can be identified.
  • Unless told otherwise by the poisons information center or a qualified professional medical person do not attempt home remedies. Professional medical assistance is critical.
 

Plants You Should Fence Off Or Remove

 

Castor Oil Plant

Ricinus communis

castor oil poisoning

This is a self seeding weed with poisonous flowers, leaves and seeds.

  Poisoning symptoms (ricin poisoning) Eating four to eight seeds is a fatal dose for adults - Signs and symptoms usually take 2-4 hours but may take up to 36 hours to present.   Initial symptoms may include:
  • A burning sensation in the mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy
Within Several Days:
  • Dehydration
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Lower urination
Without proper medical attention death can occur within three to five days.    

Yellow Oleander - Thevetia peruviana and

Common or Pink Oleander - Nerium oleander

yellow oleander poisoning oleander poisoning

This whole shrub including the seeds is poisonous

  Poisoning Symptoms
  • Hives/Rashes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Fainting
  • Irregular or slow heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Vision disturbances
  • Death
   

Deadly Nightshade - Atropa belladonna

deadly nightshade poisoning

The round purplish berries on this plant are highly poisonous.

  Poisoning symptoms
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Flushing
  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Urinary retention
  • Constipation
  • Dilated pupils
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Tachycardia
  • Loss of balance
  • Staggering
  • Slurred speech
  • Confusion
  • Hallucinations
  • Delirium
  • Convulsions
  • Death
   

White Cedar Tree - Melia azedarach

white ceder tree poisoning

The white cedar tree bears poisonous fruits (Cones)

  Poisoning Symptoms
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Coma  
   

Angel’s trumpet - Brugmansia genus

angels trumpet poisoning

The angel’s trumpet has poisonous flowers, seeds and nectar

  Poisoning Symptoms
  • Headaches
  • Confusion
  • Dilated pupils
  • Intense thirst
  • Dry skin
  • Flushing
  • Diarrhea
  • Smooth muscle paralysis
  • Fever
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hallucinations
  • Nervousness
  • Loss of memory
  • Convulsions
  • Paralysis
  • Coma and Death
   

Arum lily - Zantedeschia aethiopica

arum lily poisoning

Poisoning from plants can occur from direct contact, ingesting or inhalation.

  Poisoning Symptoms Symptoms from ingestion the plant may include:
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Nervous symptoms
  • Respiratory and cardiac distress
Symptoms by inhalation of pollen or fumes from burning plants may include similar symptoms to hay fever or asthma, and contact with the plant may result in swelling, rashes or blistering.    

Coral Tree – Erythrina genusx

coral tree poisoning

Poisonous leaves bark and seeds.

  Poisoning symptoms
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cyanosis (bluish skin due to not enough oxygen in the blood)
  • Weakness
  • Light headed
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
   

Golden Dewdrop - Duranta erecta (also known as sky flower)

golden dewdrop poisoning

Golden Dewdrop is a self sowing weed with poisonous leaves and berries.

  Poisoning Symptoms
  • Stomach irritation
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Convulsions
  • Fast heart rate
  • Fever
   

Rhus or wax tree 

Toxicodendron succedaneum  (also known as poison ivy)

poison ivy poisoning

Avoid any contact with this plant, including contact with clothes or tools, avoid contact with sawdust or ash made from this plant.

  Poison Ivy Symptoms Strong allergic reactions including:
  • Rashes
  • Redness
  • Itchiness and blisters which may last a week or longer
   

Poison Hemlock – Conium maculatum

poison hemlock poisoning

All parts of this plant are toxic, especially the roots.

  Poisoning Symptoms
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Weakness
  • Tremors
  • Dilated pupils
  • Weak pulse
  • Nervousness
  • Excessive salivation
   

Daphne - a genus of between 70 and 95 species

daphne poisoning

all parts of Daphne are poisonous, especially the berries.

  Poisoning Symptoms Poisoning by the Daphne species may include symptoms such as:
  • Pain, burning and tingling of the mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pains
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • convulsions
   

Belladonna lily, naked lady - Amaryllis belladonna

belladonna poisoning

Belladonna lily, naked lady has poisonous bulbs and sap.

  Poisoning Symptoms Poisoning symptoms in human are generally minor and include:
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
   

Mushrooms And Toadstools

mushroom poisoning Most poisonous mushrooms, such as death caps and red and white fly agaric mushrooms are generally found in parks and forests but it is a good idea to eradicate all mushrooms from your yard until the kids are old enough to know not to touch them.  

Death Cap Mushroom

deathcap poisoning

Red and White Fly Agaric Mushroom

poisoning
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