How To Get Rid Of Acne
How To Get Rid Of Acne Fast
There are many ways to treat acne including specialized skin care products, medications and laser or chemical procedures. In this article we will teach you how to get rid of blackheads, whiteheads and cystic acne, giving you the smooth, clear skin you always wanted.
What Causes Acne?
Although there are many different types of acne the most common develops during the teen years. Puberty causes a rise in hormone levels, including testosterone, which causes skin glands to produce more oil (sebum) to form a protective barrier for the skin and keep it moist.
When dead skin cells mix with this oil and clog the pores it provides the perfect environment for bacteria to grow, this can lead to an infected, sore, red, swollen area we commonly refer to as a pimple.
There are some medications such as corticosteroids and lithium which can cause acne, so have a chat to your doctor about any medication that you are taking.
The most common presentation for acne is on the face, neck, chest, shoulders and back. It can range from just a few pimples to severe acne, and may last for days, months, years, or remain an entire life time.
Mild acne usually presents as a small amount of blackheads or whiteheads where severe acne may be hundreds of large, deep pimples (Cystic Lesions) covering a significant area of skin which can be painful and lead to scarring.
- Acne tends to run in families, if your parents had severe acne then you are more likely to develop acne
- Young adults and teens are at the highest risk of developing acne due to the increase in hormonal chemical levels such as testosterone
- Women may also experience acne flare-ups a few days before their menstrual periods.
What Can Make Acne Worse?
You Cannot Prevent Acne But You Can Stop It Getting Worse.
- Wearing tight fitting clothes which can rub against the skin may irritate the acne. Such as bra straps, tight collars, helmets etc.
- Some hair and skin products may contain substances that irritate acne. Be sure to read all labels.
- Using very hot water, non medicated soaps, or scrubbing your face too hard for too long
- Stress may worsen your acne
- Constantly touching your face may spread the infection
- Excess sweat may further clog your pores and worsen the acne
- The use of anabolic steroids may increase the risk of severe acne
Call a doctor if:
- You don’t see any improvement after eight weeks of self treatment
- You begin to develop scars
- Your pimples become filled with fluid or become hard
- Your acne becomes worse, or originally started when you began taking a new medication
- If you have any concerns at all see your doctor
Depending whether you have mild, moderate or severe acne the treatment will be slightly different. You may need to combine treatments to get the best results.
Treatments range from gels and lotions to rub on your skin to oral medications prescribed by your doctor.
The treatment for blackhead and whitehead pimples may include:
- Cleansing daily with warm water and a gentle soap such as Dove or Cetaphil
- Pimples should not be squeezed as this can lead to further infections and scarring
- Look for a moisturizer that has noncomedogenic on the label and use it daily
- Use some of the many over the counter treatments and find which works best for you.
Some of the better treatments include:
- Benzoyl peroxide (such as Brevoxyl or Triaz), to unplugs your pores.
- Alpha hydroxy acid, a substance found in some moisturizers and sunscreens causes the top layer of skin to peel and dries up blemishes
- Tea tree oil which kills bacteria
- Always protect your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays
Moderate To Severe Acne
For moderate to severe acne you may need a stronger treatment or a combination of treatments, if the blemishes are deep they may leave scars so it is important to see your doctor; they may prescribe a course of oral antibiotics to help fight the infection.
Some other treatments from your doctor may include:
- Draining of large pimples and cysts
- Applying prescription antibiotics, creams, gels or lotions.
- Applying prescription retinoids.
- Applying azelaic acid.
- Prescribing oral retinoids